September 28, 2023


Be INvestment Confident

A thriving on the web market place for wild birds emerges in Bangladesh

  • Mongabay found up to 10 YouTube channels, Facebook groups and profiles advertising wild birds on-line, despite the illegality of capturing, caging and offering wild birds less than the Wildlife Conservation and Safety Act of 2012.
  • Because of to lax guidelines and confined authority of the Wildlife Criminal offense Regulate Unit (WCCU), on the net dealers of wild birds can get hold of speedy bail and carry on with their functions, which encourages a lot more people to enter the trade an on the net ecosystem to bring in far more offline traders to the on line marketplace has made as a end result.
  • Looking, capturing and selling wild birds raises the likelihood of zoonotic disease transmission in accordance to the Globe Economic Forum, zoonotic ailments consequence in 2.5 billion scenarios of human illness and 2.7 million human fatalities each year.

“As cheap as water” is a prevalent saying in Bangladesh. Despite the simple fact that water is truly not low cost, salespeople nonetheless enjoy to use the expression to draw the awareness of opportunity consumers. These times, social media marketplaces use this phrase to market one thing very important: wild birds. Even though advertising, purchasing and caging wild birds is against the law, these birds are currently being bought publicly at a comparatively small selling price. The Wildlife Conservation and Safety Act of 2012 can make it unlawful to acquire, promote or transfer community bird species.

Over the program of a monthlong investigation, Mongabay identified up to 10 Fb web pages, profiles and YouTube channels offering wild birds like the scaly-breasted munia (Lonchura punctulata), blossom-headed parakeet (Psittacula roseata), Alexandrine parakeet (Psittacula eupatria), red turtle dove (Streptopelia tranquebarica), widespread hill myna (Gracula religiosa), and prevalent myna (Acridotheres tristis),. Many other web pages and groups boost the taming of wild birds. Just one YouTube channel was selling Accipitridae birds like eagles, hawks and Brahminy kites (Haliastur indus).

The blossom-headed parakeet is a near threatened species, in accordance to the Intercontinental Union for Conservation of Character (IUCN) Purple List of Threatened Species. The most commonly sold of these species — which are barred from sale — the Alexandrine parakeet, is near threatened globally.

A crimson turtle dove (Streptopelia tranquebarica), one particular of the wild birds overtly sold in Bangladesh. Picture by Vijay Anand Ismavel via Flickr (CC BY-NC-SA 2.).

Three significant online retailers

Masud Rana and Arif from Mirpur, Dhaka, and Ibrahim from Tangi Bazar are the most very well-recognized on the internet sellers of wild birds on social media. All a few vendors market wild birds that can mimic human beings as cage pets. They often claim the birds they sell have been bred in captivity but most often say these birds, especially the typical hill mynas and widespread mynas, have been captured in diverse forests.

They aggressively market place their nestlings and fledglings any time they have supply, which also signifies the birds are not continually reproducing. Their advertising action is seasonal and spontaneous in nature. They have adult birds as effectively. The birds can be acquired 12 months-spherical, but only as extensive as provides final. Mongabay talked to them posing as a shopper. All a few claimed they only had just one or two of the stated birds and the price ranges have been nonnegotiable.

Rana, who is available through two or much more YouTube channels, seems to be a person of the most trustworthy sellers. It was distinct from the responses section that his clients depend on him. He also has a better variety of species than other sellers, and he even sells Accipitridae. Most of his sales consist of younger nestlings. Rana promises his parrots are from Pakistan and hardly ever accepts preorders. He claims that each time he has inventory, he straight away sells it on the internet.

Arif does not function any keep. He performs from dwelling and does not have a dedicated supply support. He prefers shoppers decide on them up from him.

Ibrahim is the most notable vendor of the 3. He has a bodily keep and a storage region at his household. He has been arrested for advertising wild birds 2 times. Ibrahim accepts preorders and cash on supply his delivery price is only 200 taka ($1.87) for Dhaka and 500 taka ($4.68) for anywhere else in the place.

Sellers show a parakeet for sale in Bangladesh on a YouTube video.
Sellers display a parakeet for sale in Bangladesh on a YouTube video clip. Graphic through Pakhi Palon Bangla.

Legal loopholes and very poor implementation of regulation

On Dec. 30, Ibrahim was arrested less than the Wildlife Crime Handle Unit (WCCU) of the Bangladesh Forest Section. But he shortly secured bail. Mongabay known as Ibrahim on Jan. 20, pretending to be in the market for a myna and two blossom-headed parakeets. When the reporter asked Ibrahim if shopping for this bird may well bring in lawful issues, he responded that he had confidence in his business enterprise.

Ibrahim could be sentenced to six months in prison and fined up to 100,000 taka ($937) based on the costs versus him. However, due to the fact Ibrahim was not promoting a tiger or an elephant, his criminal offense is bailable less than the Wildlife Conservation and Protection Act of 2012. Ibrahim was granted bail a working day after his arrest and returned to his enterprise.

“We are just a crew of 6 folks who never have immediate energy to impose the legislation,” explained WCCU director Md. Sanaullah Patwary. “When we obtain details about this kind of transgressions, we instantly intervene, both by location up a cell court and immediately punishing them, or turning them around to the law enforcement.”

The WCCU chief stated there ended up no magistrates obtainable that day to set up a cell court docket, so Ibrahim was turned in excess of to the law enforcement.

A blossom-headed parakeet (Psittacula roseata)
A blossom-headed parakeet (Psittacula roseata), a hen typically offered in Bangladesh chook marketplaces. Graphic by Touhid biplob by way of Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA 4.).

A thriving ecosystem

Ibrahim aggressively expanded his on-line presence on acquiring out on bail and is now concerned with various Facebook groups and YouTube channels. He is further encouraging other men and women to be a part of the trade. YouTube channels like Pets, Pakhi Palon Bangla, Deshi Khamar, Pets Box Office, Raju Pigeon Television set, BD Chicken farm and other people have contributed to developing a thriving market. These social media websites enable online corporations by featuring video shoots and enhancing providers together with managing their social media. More offline suppliers are moving into the online wild fowl market this way. The existing conservation regulation does not have any provisions to test these actions.

There is a trend encompassing these on-line chicken shows and sales. Shahed from Jessore, Rana Ahmed from Narayanganj and SH Mehad, who promotes himself as a falcon learn by internet marketing and teaching Accipitridae birds like eagles, hawks and Brahminy kites, are other popular names in this thriving online marketplace.

According to Muntasir Akash, assistant professor of zoology at the University of Dhaka, Bangladesh has a big amount of fowl species — more than 700 — but their habitats are in hazard owing to deforestation and the reduction of drinking water bodies. If unlawful trade gets to be frequent, these species will battle to survive.

Sellers show a juvenile common myna for sale in a Bangladesh bird market in a YouTube video.
Sellers clearly show a juvenile common myna for sale in a Bangladesh fowl marketplace in a YouTube video clip. Graphic by means of Pakhi Palon Bangla.

A major recognition hole

There are significant know-how gaps encompassing the sale, acquire and caging of wild birds, aside from law enforcement difficulties. The typical general public and numerous authorities bodies do not surface to accept that maintaining birds in cages is an offense that carries a penalty. A caged popular myna not long ago produced an appearance in the nicely-recognised motion picture “Hawa.” The censor board gave the film its approval even with this transgression. The WCCU of the Forest Office submitted a complaint versus the motion picture director Mejbaur Rahman Sumon, as he applied a captured bird. Inspector Nargis Sultana Liza of the WCCU stated that if only 10% of men and women who view the film are moved adequate to get started taming widespread mynas, 2-million-taka ($18,750) well worth of birds could enter the market.

Nargis cited one more illustration of the wildly well known animated collection, “Meena,” about a brilliant, youthful village female who fights several social taboos with the assist of her conversing parrot, Mithu. The show motivated individuals to individual parrots that can say, “My identify is Mithu.”

If a person chicken is captured, it harms an total colony and future replica. Wild birds saved in cages can also transmit zoonotic ailments. Pandemics like SARS, monkey pox, Ebola and COVID-19 very first infected wild animals and birds. According to the Entire world Economic Forum, zoonotic ailments are responsible for an estimated 2.5 billion situations of disease and 2.7 million deaths just about every calendar year. “For our individual sake, we ought to halt catching wild animals and birds,” reported Nargis.

Banner picture: A scaly-breasted munia in Natore, Bangladesh. Image by M Murtoza Sarwar by way of Flickr (CC BY-NC-SA 2.).

When it rains, it pours: Bangladesh wildlife trade booms all through monsoon


Durden LA, McLean RG, Oliver JH Jr, Ubico SR, James AM. Ticks, Lyme sickness spirochetes, trypanosomes, and antibody to encephalitis viruses in wild birds from coastal Georgia and South Carolina. J Parasitol. 1997 Dec83(6):1178-82. PMID: 9406799.

Birds, Business enterprise, Conservation, Endangered Species, Ecosystem, Environmental Regulation, Unlawful Trade, Marketplace, Worldwide Trade, Social Media, Trade, Wildlife, Wildlife Conservation, Wildlife Criminal offense, Wildlife Trade, Wildlife Trafficking