September 29, 2023


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Two Defendants Charged For Nationwide On-line Advertising and marketing Plan That Fraudulently Enrolled Shoppers In Credit rating Monitoring Regular Membership | USAO-SDNY

Damian Williams, the United States Legal professional for the Southern District of New York, and Michael J. Driscoll, Assistant Director in Cost of the New York Place of work of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (“FBI”), announced the indictment of MICHAEL BROWN and ANDREW LLOYD for wire fraud rates in connection with a nationwide on-line advertising scheme to submit bogus advertisements for rental homes across the United States on a categorized commercials internet site.  The purpose of the scheme was to fraudulently induce potential clients to enter their credit card data on credit checking sites owned by BROWN and receive a credit report below phony pretenses in get to instantly enroll the shoppers in a every month membership for credit rating monitoring companies.  BROWN was arrested at Newark Liberty International Airport in New Jersey on October 27, 2022, following he arrived on a flight from Mexico and was detained pending demo.  LLOYD was arrested previously these days in Pennsylvania and will be presented in the United States District Courtroom for the Western District of Pennsylvania later on now.  The case is assigned to United States District Judge Katherine Polk Failla.

U.S. Legal professional Damian Williams said: “Online frauds have spiraled out of control, to the position where just about just about every on the web interaction need to be approached with weariness of its validity.  However, as alleged, Michael Brown and Andrew Lloyd gave their victims no option to suspect a fraud as they enrolled hundreds of victims to a almost $30 a month price working with seemingly respected internet sites and deceptive practices.  I commend the attempts of this Business and our law enforcement companions in prosecuting these scams that have develop into a in close proximity to-every day aggravation, and today’s arrests clearly show that we will continue to zealously examine consumer fraud.”

FBI Assistant Director-in-Demand Michael J. Driscoll said: “As alleged, the defendants operated a elaborate scheme, using phony adverts to trick victims into unknowingly enrolling in a monthly credit score checking company.  The FBI stays steadfast in our attempts to investigate and do away with online cons and maintain the fraudsters accountable in the criminal justice system.”

According to allegations in the Indictment filed in Manhattan federal courtroom:[1] 

MICHAEL BROWN owned and operated Credit rating Bureau Middle, LLC, formerly acknowledged as MyScore LLC (“MyScore”), a Delaware constrained legal responsibility business which offered credit rating studies and credit rating monitoring providers by way of the sites,, and, between other web sites (collectively, the “MyScore Websites”).  ANDREW LLOYD was an affiliate that worked with a co-conspirator (“CC-1”), the operator of an affiliate marketing company, to travel opportunity prospects to the MyScore Web-sites.  In affiliate advertising, a vendor of goods or products and services this sort of as MyScore uses other firms or people today known as “affiliates” to current market the seller’s items or providers by attracting consumers to the seller’s internet sites.  BROWN contracted with CC-1 in purchase to boost consumer targeted traffic to the MyScore Websites.

From at minimum in or about 2014 by at minimum on or about January 10, 2017, BROWN, LLOYD, and CC-1 engaged in a nationwide on the internet marketing and advertising plan to article pretend ads for rental qualities across the United States on a categorized advertisements web site (the “Advertising Website”).  The intent of the plan was to fraudulently induce potential renters to enter their credit rating card details on the MyScore Internet websites and attain a credit rating report beneath false pretenses in get to routinely enroll them in a month to month membership for credit score checking expert services.

The commercials utilised in the scheme commonly contained pictures of the rental homes and showcased properties in fascinating spots for beneath-marketplace prices in purchase to draw in interest.  The advertisements were posted for rental homes in metropolitan areas throughout the United States, together with, among other spots, New York City, Miami, Atlanta, Houston, Los Angeles, and San Diego.  In actuality, the rental houses did not exist as marketed or were being not essentially available for hire by the posts on the Promotion Website.  The commercials also did not disclose the specific tackle of the rental houses but in its place contained a contact e-mail tackle inviting future renters to call the home operator if they have been intrigued in the rental property.

When prospective renters inquired about the rental homes posted on the Advertising and marketing Site by responding to the advertisements, they acquired a form e-mail purporting to be from the residence operator requiring the future renter to get hold of a copy of their credit history report, and referring the potential renter to one of the MyScore Web sites to attain a credit score report, before scheduling a tour of the assets.  The sort email typically described purported capabilities of the advertised property and falsely knowledgeable the possible renter, in substance and in portion, that he or she was the second particular person to respond to the ad, that the first responder no extended wanted the home, and that the residence proprietor was ready to lease the residence to the future renter with versatile conditions and had just done all new renovations.

At the time a prospective renter clicked on the hyperlink in the variety e-mail from the purported property proprietor to obtain a copy of their credit history report, the potential renter was directed to the “landing page” of one particular of the MyScore Web sites.  The landing site of the MyScore Websites ordinarily featured a big banner that stated, in material and in element, “Get Your Absolutely free Credit rating Rating and Report” with noticeably smaller sized textual content referencing an unspecified “7-day trial” and a “Monthly membership of $29.94 mechanically billed soon after demo.”  In purchase to get the credit rating report, potential renters had been required to enter identifying details and credit history card info by a collection of webpages.  Once the future renter entered credit rating card details, the possible renter was billed $1.00 and was immediately enrolled in a monthly membership for credit history monitoring providers with recurring costs of ordinarily $29.94 for each month until the membership was cancelled.

When future renters responded to the purported assets operator asking to plan a tour of the advertised home now that they had a duplicate of their credit rating report, there was commonly no reaction, as the house was not essentially out there for hire as advertised and the scheme had succeeded in fraudulently making a month-to-month membership subscription for MyScore.  Lots of future renters who attained a credit history report from the MyScore Web sites as a outcome of the scheme did not understand that they experienced been mechanically enrolled in MyScore’s membership until finally they learned the month-to-month charges on their credit card statements.  Some prospective renters also had complications canceling the membership when they contacted MyScore’s shopper service department.

BROWN, LLOYD, and CC-1 continued to execute the plan by means of at minimum on or about January 10, 2017, regardless of numerous complaints during the class of the plan from prospects and purchaser organizations about the fraudulent mother nature of the rental ads on the Marketing Site, the automatic enrollment of consumers in MyScore’s monthly membership with recurring costs with no their awareness, and the difficulties in cancelling the regular monthly membership. 

In complete, the plan brought about about about 2.7 million exceptional visits to the MyScore Sites and produced somewhere around $6.8 million in earnings from around 169,000 clients who were being automatically enrolled in MyScore’s month-to-month membership for credit score checking solutions by way of the plan.

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BROWN, 37, who was residing in Mexico, and LLOYD, 30, of Beaver, Pennsylvania, ended up each individual billed with just one count of conspiracy to dedicate wire fraud and one particular rely of wire fraud, which every single have a most sentence of 20 yrs in jail.

The utmost possible sentences are approved by Congress and are furnished listed here for informational purposes only, as any sentencing of the defendants will be established by the judge.

Mr. Williams praised the fantastic investigative operate of the FBI.  Mr. Williams also thanked the Federal Trade Fee for their aid with the scenario.

The prosecution of this scenario is becoming managed by the Office’s Intricate Frauds and Cybercrime Unit.  Assistant U.S. Legal professional Sagar K. Ravi is in cost of the prosecution.


[1] As the introductory phrase signifies, the entirety of the Indictment and the description of the Indictment set forth herein constitute only allegations, and just about every truth described ought to be treated as an allegation.